Biochar

The invention provides for methods, devices, and systems for pyrolyzing biomass. A pyrolysis unit can be used for the pyrolysis of biomass to make gas, liquid, and solid products. The biomass materials can be chosen such that an enhanced biochar is shaped after pyrolysis. The biomass can be pyrolyzed under specified conditions such that a chosen biochar core is shaped. The pyrolysis process can form a secure biochar core that’s inert and/or resistant to degradation. The biochar or biochar core can be functionalized to form a functionalized biochar or functionalized biochar core. Functionalization can include post-pyrolysis treatments like supplementation with microbes or physical transformations such as annealing and/or activation.

 

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BACKGROUND

 

 
Growing agricultural production in a sustainable manner and mitigating the effects of climate change are two of the most crucial challenges confronting the modern world. These challenges include a need for higher crop yields, a need to makedegraded soils more productive, and a must manage for productive agriculture using less reliable water resources. Some efforts have been made to decrease the long-term negative effects of agriculture by crop-rotation and natural farming. Efforts havebeen designed to deal with climate change by reducing avoidable greenhouse gas emissions through generation of renewable power and off-setting inevitable emissions through sequestration of carbon from the environment. Some carbon sequestration efforts havebeen geared toward storage of carbon in land and of carbon dioxide in geologic formations. However, because of the inherent lack of long-term stability of plant based biomass storage of carbon derived straight from plant biomass isn’t a long-term solution.Pyrolysis of biomass to produce a solid substance known as char, charcoal or more especially biochar, which is a product that’s tailored to be used as a soil amendment, may play a substantial role in both of these efforts associated with climate change andagriculture, but is currently restricted by the usage of biochars that display degradation or uncertainty and which can have positive or negative effects on soil flora, plants or plant development. Therefore, there is a need for improved processes, apparatus, andsystems for the creation of steady and/or beneficial biochars.
 

IP reviewed by Plant-Grow agriculture technology news